– small children or infants were vulnerable to diarrheal diseases because of the biggest problems that cause diarrhea are clean, it is possible to prevent the disease is contagious to our baby. So far, there are many parents who think little if the infant or child has diarrhea. As a result when it comes to doter was too late, patients lack a lot of fluids, fatigue, severe dehydration in a state of the child was not even aware of.
If allowed to go on, diarrhea will cause dehydration and subsequent shock and even death. Infants aged less than one month has been declared diarrhea if stool frequency magnitude is more than four times a day. While babies over one month if the frequency is more than three times.
Some of the factors that cause diarrhea in children include gastrointestinal infections due to bacteria, viruses or parasites. For children with diarrhea without dehydration give fluids such as ORS, salt solutions, as well as foods or fruits that contain water. In infants given breast milk is more frequent with oral rehydration salts are added.
If the diarrhea does not improve within five days or emerging signs of dehydration call your doctor. During the child does not show signs of dehydration usually diarrhea will stop itself without the need for medication.
The following steps for your child to avoid diarrhea
If the little one still in a given lactation milk (ASI) in full. ASI will assist the body’s defense little stronger. Included also in the germs resist the attack.
Sterilize the bottle is used for drinking milk. Soak the first hot water before filling with less milk utuk child.
Cook with the right water used for drinking until it was at the boiling point. Raw water is a potential cause of diarrhea due to contaminated bacteria from feces. Especially if your child is immune lamah, he can easily attacked by diarrhea.
Avoid storing cooked food at room temperature. It can make fast food or fast mushrooms grown stale.
Get used to your baby since kecoil for defecating in his place and not arbitrary.
Familiarise your child to wash their hands before and after meals. So is washing your hands after doing any activity outside the home, after a bowel movement (BAB) and small. Also get used to wash hands after changing a child as well as clean the dirt, after throwing feces, especially before preparing food and before feeding the child.
Always provide your child and get used to using soap in hand washing. Do not forget to rinse your hands with running water and dried with a clean cloth or towel.
Teach your child not to snack at random. When snack, snacks should be able to tell which is decent (clean) and no.
Familiarise your child to tell you immediately if attacked by any illness, including diarrhea. This will create fast handling and not too late.
Finally do not forget to continue to provide specific diarrhea medicine to your child.
Outbreak control procedures (KLB)
Criteria for outbreaks of diarrhea
Increased incidence of morbidity / mortality due to diarrhea continuously for 3 consecutive period (hours, days, weeks). CRF due to diarrhea in a specified period showed an increase of 50% or more compared to the previous period.
Explore the possibility of an outbreak / epidemic is to implement the Early Alert System carefully. In addition to other steps as follows.
– Increasing awareness of good health center early in the SKD, personnel and logistics
– Assist and train Rapid Response Team Health Center