– When the baby takes a very high intake of milk is sometimes there are some mothers who think that it’s OK to replace the intake of breast milk with formula milk. But the milk of mothers (ASI) is the best food for babies. However, in certain circumstances the mother can not produce milk so that babies need milk formula to meet the nutritional intake.
With so many babies and children aged under five years old (toddlers) who consumed infant formula, cow’s milk allergy are often found to be the case. Approximately 2 to 7.5 percent of infants are allergic to cow’s milk. If not immediately treated, these allergies can interfere with development of the child.
“Allergies can be suppressed, but can not be eliminated completely. And, milk allergy is not a barrier growing children if done proper treatment, “said Dr. Zakiudin Munasir, Sp. A (K), Chairman of the Division of Allergy Immunology, Section of Child Health, Faculty of medicine / RSCM in Jakarta Wednesday, April 27, 2011.
Cow’s milk allergy may occur because children are sensitive to cow’s milk protein components or in the process of making milk. Sensiitif body and milk protein are considered the enemy. If the body was regarded as an enemy, then the body will begin to react in the form of allergy.
Cow’s milk protein can also be a problem for low immunity. Moreover, it also caused digestive tract of children who were not functioning perfectly. Thus, cow’s milk protein can not be digested or broken down properly in the body.
In children who are hypersensitive, these proteins can trigger the formation of antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE). These IgE antibodies, causing the release of histamine, a substance that causes a variety of allergic reactions in the body.
Clinical symptoms will appear within one hour (fast reaction) or after one hour (slow reaction) after consuming cow’s milk protein. To recognize the symptoms, and immediately went to the doctor to get proper advice how to handle cow’s milk allergy.
Symptoms of cow’s milk allergy is very diverse, ranging from skin redness, itching, swelling and eczema. Can also interfere with the digestive system which result in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Allergies can also occur in the respiratory tract such as cough and cold again, shortness of breath and asthma.
“Symptoms of milk allergy can sometimes appear one week after consumption,” said Dr. Zakiudin.
In recent years, an increase in the incidence of cow’s milk allergy in infants and children with a variety of cases, from mild to severe. Keep in mind, an allergic reaction to cow’s milk is still likely to occur in 0.5 percent of babies who are breastfed exclusively.